Updated: Oct 4
If you are someone who has been experiencing hip pain or discomfort, you may have considered the possibility of undergoing hip replacement surgery. However, the decision to go through with the surgery can be daunting. Many questions may arise, such as what the procedure entails, what types of hip replacements are available, and perhaps most importantly, what the costs of the surgery will be.
In this blog, we provide you with all the details you need to make an informed decision about whether or not hip replacement surgery is right for you. We will cover everything from the basics of hip replacement to the different types of hip replacements available and delve into the costs associated with the surgery.
With this blog, you can be assured that you will have all the information you need, saving you the hassle of scouring through multiple articles to find the answers and help you make the best decision for your health and well-being.
Table Of Content
What is hip replacement surgery?
Hip replacement surgery is a procedure where a surgeon removes the damaged or diseased parts of the hip joint and implants them with an artificial joint known as a prosthesis. The prosthesis is typically made of metal, ceramic, or hard plastic materials and is designed to reduce pain and improve overall mobility. Hip replacement surgery is recommended when non-surgical treatments have failed to alleviate pain and other symptoms associated with hip problems. Non-surgical treatments may include physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle changes. However, when these treatments are no longer effective, hip replacement surgery may be the best option for the patient.
The surgeon makes an incision on the side or back of the hip to access the joint and then removes the damaged or diseased sections of the hip joint. The remaining bone surfaces are then prepared to receive the prosthetic joint, which is carefully fitted and secured in place. The procedure is performed under regional anaesthesia or, at times, under general anaesthesia and typically takes one to one and half hours for one side.
After the surgery, patients typically require a period of rehabilitation and physical therapy to regain strength and mobility in the hip joint. Pain medication and other medications may also be prescribed to manage pain and reduce the risk of infection.
Also, Read: Knee Replacement Surgery Cost In India
Types of hip replacement
There are three main types of hip replacement surgery, each of which is designed to address specific patient needs and conditions.
Total hip replacement
Total hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that involves replacing both the ball and socket of the hip joint with an implant. This procedure is typically recommended for patients with severe hip damage or arthritis who experience significant pain and limited mobility. The procedure is performed by removing the damaged femoral head and socket and replacing them with a metal or ceramic ball attached to a metal stem inserted into the femur. The damaged socket is replaced with a metal socket, secured to the pelvis using bone cement or screws in which a ceramic or polyethylene ( hard plastic) liner is inserted for the ball to articulate.
Partial hip replacement
Partial hip replacement, also known as hemiarthroplasty, is a surgical procedure where a prosthesis is implanted to replace only one side of the hip joint, specifically the femoral head. This procedure is typically performed on older patients who have experienced a hip fracture. During the procedure, the damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with an artificial implant made of metal.
Hip resurfacing involves reshaping the femoral head and socket rather than completely replacing them. This surgery is most commonly performed on younger, active patients with hip pain or damage but still have strong bone density and a good range of motion. The femoral head is reshaped and covered with a metal cap during the procedure, while the socket is replaced with a metal or plastic implant. This type of surgery may be less invasive than total hip replacement and offer faster recovery time.
Conditions that require hip replacement surgery
One of the most common conditions that require hip replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. This condition is characterized by the gradual wearing down of the cartilage in the hip joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and inflammation. Other medical conditions that include hip replacement surgery may include,
How do you know if you need a hip replacement?
Hip replacement surgery is a major surgical procedure typically considered when non-surgical treatments such as physiotherapy and steroid injections have failed to address hip pain and improve mobility effectively. This surgery is usually recommended for individuals who experience a range of symptoms related to their hip joint, which can significantly impact their quality of life. The reasons include,
• Severe pain, swelling, and stiffness experienced in the hip joint, which results in reduced hip mobility.
• Persistent hip pain, which negatively affects the quality of life and disrupts sleep.
• Limitations in daily activities, such as shopping, performing household chores, in short getting difficulty in performing activities of daily living.
• Perpetual hip pain leading to a feeling of pain never-ending.
• Challenging to perform work-related activities or participate in social events leading to decreased productivity and social engagement.
Cost of hip replacement in India
The cost of hip replacement surgery can be a significant factor to consider when deciding to undergo this procedure. The surgery cost can vary depending on several factors, including the type of replacement being performed, the city in which the surgery is being performed, the hospital facility, the surgeon's experience, and the choice of implant.
For instance, partial hip replacement surgery can cost anywhere between 1 lakh to 1.5 lakhs, while a total hip replacement can cost you anywhere between 2 lakhs to 3.5 lakhs for one side. The cost of other procedures, such as hip revision or hip resurfacing, may depend on individual cases and the extent of the procedure.
It's crucial to remember that the cost of hip replacement surgery can be impacted by several factors, including the type of surgery being performed, the type of implant used, and the surgical technique employed. For instance, the cost of hip replacement surgery may differ depending on whether the implant used is cemented, uncemented, or a hybrid of both. Additionally, the cost may vary depending on the bearing options or articulations chosen for the implant. Moreover, the surgery cost may also depend on the surgical approach used. A single-incision approach may cost less than a two-incision approach.
In addition to these factors, it is also essential to consider the post-operative expenses, such as rehabilitation costs and follow-up visits to the doctor. Patients should thoroughly research the cost of hip replacement surgery and carefully consider their options before deciding. It may be worthwhile to consult with the surgeon and the hospital administration to understand the price and the available payment options.
Also, Read: Foods To Speed Up Recovery After Surgery
In conclusion, hip replacement surgery is a standard and well-established procedure in India, with many hospitals and skilled orthopaedic surgeons equipped to perform it. While the surgery cost can vary significantly based on individual factors such as the patient's condition and the type of procedure required, it is important to have a clear conversation with your surgeon to better understand the costs and potential outcomes of the surgery. Ultimately, with proper research and communication, hip replacement surgery can significantly enhance the quality of life for individuals experiencing chronic hip pain and joint damage.
Polaris Healthcare offers one of the most affordable and high-quality hip replacement surgeries in Pune with a state-of-the-art facility, a team of top orthopedic surgeons, and an excellent physiotherapy department. Our exceptional pre and post-surgical guidance ensures that our patients receive excellent care, enabling them to resume their activities and improve their quality of life.
About The Author: Dr. Surendra Patil
Dr. Surendra Patil, MBBS, Diploma in Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics Surgery, is a dynamic surgeon with skilled hands well versed in various surgical procedures in orthopedics and exceptionally well-read in his chosen expertise. He is proficient in Arthroscopic Surgeries, Adult Joint Reconstruction Surgery, Accidents & Emergencies, Joint Replacement, Healthcare Management, and Healthcare in general. He is an experienced Medical Professional with a demonstrated history of working in the hospital & healthcare industry.