What is Arthroscopy?
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for visualizing, diagnosing, and treating joint problems. It is typically recommended for joint inflammation, injury, or damage. The procedure involves inserting an arthroscope, a small tool, into the joint to examine the joint and determine the extent of the damage. Injuries can also be repaired during the procedure. Arthroscopy can be performed on any joint, with the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip, and wrist being the most common. Arthroscopy is an outpatient procedure allowing patients to return home the same day. As a minimally invasive surgery, it typically requires only small incisions and has a shorter recovery period than traditional open surgery.
Arthroscopy is a safe and effective procedure that can help restore joint function and improve the quality of life for patients with joint problems. Arthroscopy is commonly used to treat various joint conditions, including knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, ankle, and wrist problems. Compared to traditional open surgery, arthroscopy has several benefits, such as smaller incisions, reduced pain and scarring, faster recovery times, and lower risk of complications.
When to Go for Surgery
Arthroscopy may be recommended for individuals experiencing joint pain, swelling, stiffness, or instability that has not improved with nonsurgical treatments such as physical therapy or medication. It can also diagnose and treat joint injuries like ligament tears or cartilage damage. The decision to undergo arthroscopy will depend on various factors, such as the severity and location of the joint problem, overall health, and individual goals and preferences. A consultation with our orthopaedic surgeon can help determine if arthroscopy is appropriate.
An arthroscope, a small camera, is inserted into the joint through one of the incisions, providing a clear view of the joint on a monitor. Additional instruments are inserted through the other incisions to perform corrective procedures, such as removing damaged tissue, repairing injuries, or reshaping bones. After the procedure, the incisions are closed with sutures or steri-strips, and a bandage is applied. Arthroscopy is typically performed on an outpatient basis under general or local anesthesia.
Post Surgery care
Following arthroscopy, it is important to follow the doctor's instructions for postoperative care to ensure a successful recovery. It is essential to keep the surgical area clean and dry. Typically, patients can resume daily activities shortly after surgery, but strenuous activities and exercise should be avoided for a period determined by the doctor. Pain and swelling are common after surgery; ice and elevation if done on the knee can help alleviate symptoms. The use of crutches or a brace may be necessary for some patients. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help restore joint mobility and strength.
Signs of possible complications following arthroscopy surgery include fever, worsening pain, severe swelling, numbness or tingling, and discolored or foul-smelling fluid seeping from the wound. If any of these symptoms occur, it is important to contact us immediately. Prompt medical attention can help prevent further complications and promote a successful recovery.