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10 Warning Signs Of Thyroid Disease

Updated: Feb 10

What is a thyroid?

Thyroid is a tiny, butterfly-shaped gland that can be found near the base of the neck, directly below the middle of the throat. The thyroid gland is a complex system of glands known as the endocrine system. The endocrine system is in charge of coordinating many bodily functions and producing hormones that control one's body metabolism.

What triggers thyroid illness?

Your thyroid gland's main job is to release the hormone thyroxine, also known as T4, which is then transformed into the hormone triiodothyronine or T3. The bloodstream is where T3 and T4 hormones circulate, helping to control your body's metabolism. The amount of T4 that the thyroid gland should generate is determined by a hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone, or TSH, produced by the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland either creates more or less TSH depending on the T4 levels in your body to signal the thyroid gland to make the proper quantity of T4.

When the thyroid cannot operate correctly—either by releasing too much or not enough T4 hormone—thyroid illness develops. The appearance of a lump or nodule brought on by an enlarged thyroid gland, also known as a goitre, is one of the most typical and early signs of a thyroid condition. There are three primary forms of thyroid illness.

  1. Hypothyroidism

  2. Hyperthyroidism

  3. Thyroid cancer.


When the thyroid gland does not create enough thyroid hormone in the bloodstream, it is known as hypothyroidism. Your body's metabolism slows down, which further impacts your complete being. Hypothyroidism, also known as underactive thyroid disease, is more prevalent in women than men. Additionally, those older than 60 are more likely to get the condition. Hypothyroidism symptoms typically appear gradually and go unnoticed, leading to a later diagnosis of the illness.

Common signs of hypothyroidism include:

  • Tiredness

  • Sensitivity to cold

  • Gaining weight

  • Constipation

  • Depression

  • Slow motion and thinking

  • Weakness, cramping, and muscle aches

  • Scaly and dry skin

  • Fragile nails and hair

  • Loss of sex drive

  • There is pain, numbness, and tingling in hand and fingers.

  • Irregular or lengthy menstrual cycle.


When you have hyperthyroidism, your thyroid produces and releases more hormones than you require. Hyperthyroidism, an overactive thyroid, affects women ten times more frequently than men. The age range typically impacted by this type is 20 to 40 years old. A medical practitioner should be seen for the treatment of hyperthyroidism because it can have a considerable impact on your entire body.

Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism may vary from person to person, and that includes:

  • Anxiety or irritation

  • Fatigue

  • Muscle tremor

  • Difficulty with heat

  • Difficulty sleeping

  • Tremor, typically in your hands

  • Erratic and rapid heartbeat

  • Diarrhoea or frequent bowel motions

  • Loss of weight

  • Mood changes

  • Goitre is an enlarged thyroid that could give the appearance of a bloated neck. It can occasionally make it difficult to breathe or swallow.

Thyroid cancer

The thyroid gland, a little gland at the base of the neck that produces hormones, is a target of the rare malignancy known as thyroid cancer. People in their 30s and older suffer from it the most frequently. Women are two to three times as likely as men to develop it. Although it can occasionally return after therapy, thyroid cancer is typically treatable and, in many cases, entirely curable. Thyroid cancer mostly comes in four different forms. These include anaplastic, papillary, follicular, and medullary. Most often, papillary is the typical kind. The level of aggression varies amongst the four categories. Early-stage thyroid cancer can frequently be effectively treated.

The most typical signs are,

  • Growth at the base of Adam's apple in the front of the neck

  • Hoarseness

  • Neck glands that are enlarged

  • Having trouble swallowing

  • Having trouble breathing

  • Neck or throat discomfort

  • Coughing that is not caused by a cold

Common warning signs of thyroid disease

Common warning signs of thyroid disease

Even though everyone's thyroid symptoms are unique, the following list of warning indicators should make you wary. Remember to have it checked by a medical specialist if you believe you have thyroid disease or if you feel you have the below-mentioned symptoms because it will provide you with reliable confirmation.

1. Fatigue

The weariness felt by people with hypothyroidism and other thyroid problems are very different from normal fatigue or weariness. If a good night's sleep is all it takes to cure someone from feeling weary, that is not the case for someone with thyroid illness. Additionally, middle-aged women find it much more challenging to differentiate because fatigue is a very typical symptom of menopause in women. Therefore, if you have acute, never-ending exhaustion, it could be the first sign of a thyroid condition.

2. Gaining Weight

Your thyroid affects your weight because it controls your metabolism. Your body's metabolism won't function properly if your thyroid hormones fluctuate, leading to weight gain. A patient's basal metabolic rate, or BMR, was one of the first tools to test for thyroid abnormalities. This test measures the amount of oxygen your body utilises over a predetermined time to evaluate your metabolism. A low BMR score in this situation would suggest hypothyroidism. Most people with hypothyroidism will gain a little weight, which may not be noticeable. Severe hypothyroidism, however, can lead to a considerably more pronounced weight gain.

3. Losing weight

Hyperthyroidism will cause weight loss if hypothyroidism causes weight gain. This is brought on by the hyperactive hormones in your thyroid gland. The BMR findings would be much above average in such circumstances. The degree of the disease will determine how much weight is lost. A hyperactive thyroid burns more calories than a healthy or underactive thyroid. Therefore, you will eventually lose weight if you don't meet the higher calorie requirements. In some situations, hyperthyroidism also makes a person more hungry, which might lead to some weight gain. This demonstrates the complexity of the thyroid and how it affects your metabolism and weight.

4. A Slowing Heartbeat