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Recovery, Rehabilitation, and Relief from Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries

What is MCL?

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is a fundamental component of the human knee joint, connecting the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone). This ligament runs along the inner side of the knee and plays a crucial role in providing stability to the joint, particularly by preventing excessive movement from side to side. The MCL is an essential part of the knee's intricate network of ligaments and tendons, contributing to the overall functionality and structural integrity of the knee, which is vital for various activities, including walking, running, and other weight-bearing movements.

When to Go for Surgery

Surgery for an MCL injury is typically considered when the ligament sustains significant damage, often resulting from an external force impacting the outer part of the knee. This type of injury is frequently seen in contact sports like soccer and football. The decision to undergo surgery depends on the severity of the MCL tear, which is usually categorised as Grade I, II, or III. Grade I and II tears may be managed without surgery using rest, bracing, and physical therapy. In contrast, Grade III tears, characterised by complete ligament rupture, often necessitate surgical intervention to restore knee stability. Many of the time grade II and III injuries are associated with ligament injuries as well.


During MCL surgery, an orthopaedic surgeon employs precise techniques to address a damaged medial collateral ligament (MCL) in the knee. The procedure typically begins with small incisions in the knee area, followed by inserting an arthroscope, a miniature camera-equipped instrument, to visualise the injury. Depending on the extent of the MCL tear, the surgeon may

opt for repair or reconstruction. Repair involves suturing the torn MCL fibres together, while reconstruction may involve using tendon grafts, often from the patient or a donor, to replace the damaged ligament. The surgery aims to restore knee stability and function. Post-surgery care, including physical therapy and rehabilitation, is essential to ensure proper healing and the gradual return to normal activities.

Doctor Checking a Form

Post-surgery Care

Post-surgery care following MCL (medial collateral ligament) repair or reconstruction is essential for a successful recovery. Patients can expect a comprehensive care plan that includes pain management, swelling reduction through ice application, and the use of prescribed medications. Knee bracing and crutches may be recommended initially to support the healing process and protect the knee. Physical therapy plays a crucial role in regaining strength, mobility, and knee stability, with exercises tailored to the individual's needs and progress. It is crucial to adhere to the guidance of orthopaedic surgeons and physical therapists to ensure proper healing and minimise the risk of re-injury, allowing patients to gradually return to their daily activities and sports with confidence.


1. What is knee arthroscopy, and when is it recommended?

Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat various knee conditions. It's recommended when conservative treatments like rest, physical therapy, or medication fail to provide relief from knee pain or when there's a need for a precise diagnosis of unexplained knee symptoms.

2. What are the common knee issues treated with arthroscopy?

Knee arthroscopy can address a range of knee problems, including torn meniscus, ligament injuries like ACL or PCL tears, inflammation of the synovium, cartilage damage, loose fragments in the joint, and patella-related issues.

3. What can I expect during the recovery period after knee arthroscopy?

Recovery from knee arthroscopy involves rest, keeping weight off the knee, and possibly using crutches or a walker. Elevating the leg to reduce swelling is crucial. Patients are typically advised to follow a physiotherapy program to regain full mobility and function gradually.

4. How long does knee arthroscopy surgery typically take?

The duration of knee arthroscopy can vary depending on the complexity of the issue being addressed. On average, the procedure takes about 30 minutes to an hour. However, your orthopaedic surgeon will provide you with a more accurate estimate based on your specific case and number of ligament repaired or reconstructed .

5. Is knee arthroscopy an outpatient procedure?

Yes, knee arthroscopy is often performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning you can typically go home on the same day as your surgery. However, the exact discharge plan may vary based on your surgeon's recommendation and your overall health.

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