Spine Surgery

What is PCOS?

PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a common hormone imbalance that affects around 1 out of 10 women. Girls as young as 11 years can get affected by PCOS. It is seen in 2.2% – 26% of the cases among women in the reproductive age group and is a frustrating experience for them and often complex for managing doctors. The observations by specialists like endocrinologists, gynecologists and dermatologists show a significant rise in PCOS in Indian women. PCOS is more common in South Asian women including Indian women. India being the diabetic capital of the world has high incidences of PCOS & Metabolic Syndrome.

What is PCOD?

PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease) or PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome) is a disease characterized by multiple (‘poly’) cysts (small sacs filled with fluid) in the ovaries. Patients with PCOD have abnormal levels of hormones that result in irregular menses, infertility and certain masculine changes in the body.

Symptoms associated with PCOS:

  • Irregular missed periods
  • Heavy bleeding during periods
  • Elevated levels of male hormones
  • Abnormal weight gain and trouble losing weight
  • Decreased ovulation or complete lack of ovulation
  • Abnormal hair growth, in a masculine distribution, like on the chest, belly , face and around the nipples.
  • Thinning of hair on the scalp
  • Oily skin and acne breakouts on the face, chest and the back
  • Dar or thick skin markings and creases around the groin, armpits , groin , neck and breasts

Complications associated with PCOS:

Those suffering from PCOS are likely to develop:

  • Infertility
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Uterine cancer
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Liver inflammation
  • Sleep apnea
  • Thyroid disorders