Meniscus is a very important part of the Knee Joint. It mainly acts as a shock absorber for the knee.
Meniscal tears are very common and are frequently missed diagnoses for knee pains following a fall. A meniscus tear can be many types: Common tears include longitudinal, parrot - beak, flap, bucket handle and mixed/complex.
Causes and SymptomsThe causes of meniscus tears are sports injuries, fall and squatting and sudden twisting. Old degenerative knees will tear even by a simple movement like getting up from a chair.
Symptoms may be a pop like sound followed by
• Stiffness and swelling
• Catching or locking of your knee
• The sensation of your knee "giving way"
• You are not able to move your knee through its full range of motion.
How is a torn meniscus managed?
Meniscal tears that cause symptoms of pain, limp, localised painful swelling or locking, benefit from arthroscopic surgery which is of two types -
• Meniscectomy - the damaged portion of the meniscus is trimmed and the healthy portion preserved
• Meniscal repair - where the torn meniscus is stitched back using specialised techniques / implants.