Spine Surgery

Meniscus Repair

Meniscus is a very important part of the Knee Joint. It mainly acts as a shock absorber for the knee.
Meniscal tears are very common and are frequently missed diagnoses for knee pains following a fall. A meniscus tear can be many types: Common tears include longitudinal, parrot - beak, flap, bucket handle and mixed/complex.

Causes and Symptoms

The causes of meniscus tears are sports injuries, fall and squatting and sudden twisting. Old degenerative knees will tear even by a simple movement like getting up from a chair.
Symptoms may be a pop like sound followed by
• Pain
• Stiffness and swelling
• Catching or locking of your knee
• The sensation of your knee "giving way"
• You are not able to move your knee through its full range of motion.

How is a torn meniscus managed?

Meniscus tears seen on MRI but not causing any symptoms are best left alone and do not need any intervention.

Meniscal tears that cause symptoms of pain, limp, localised painful swelling or locking, benefit from arthroscopic surgery which is of two types -

• Meniscectomy - the damaged portion of the meniscus is trimmed and the healthy portion preserved

• Meniscal repair - where the torn meniscus is stitched back using specialised techniques / implants.